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E-3 is a visa status only available to Australian citizens to work temporarily in specialty occupations in the U.S. The specialty occupation requires the theoretical and practical application of a body of knowledge in a professional field and at least the attainment of a bachelor's degree, or its equivalent, as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the U.S. If a position does not require a bachelor’s degree or higher in a specific field and/or if the occupation does not generally require this, E-3 status is not an option even if the foreign national holds such a degree/
An individual cannot self-sponsor in this category. Employer sponsorship is required, and E-3 status is employer specific.
There is no cumulative time limit on E-3. In general, it can be renewed every two years, with some exceptions, provided that the stay remains temporary in nature.
E-3 offers the advantage for spouses of E-3 recipients to apply for work authorization.
The B nonimmigrant category is intended for temporary visits to the U.S. for business (B-1) or pleasure (B-2). It is recommended that foreign visitors coming to ASU specifically to participate in short-term academic activities do so in the B-1, Visitor for Business category.
The B-1 category may be appropriate for foreign scholars wishing to visit ASU for short periods of time to engage in professional activities, as long as those activities do not constitute employment. Appropriate activities include:
consultation with professional associates
participation in scientific, educational or professional conventions or seminars
The B-2 category is intended for those coming to the U.S. as tourists. Appropriate activities include travel and tourism.
The following steps are suggested for departments intending to invite B-1 visitors:
Contact the International Students and Scholar Center (ISSC) if you have any questions regarding whether or not the B-1/WB category is the most appropriate.
Contact Financial Services if your department intends to pay the visitor an honorarium or reimbursement of expenses.
Issue an invitation letter which includes the following information: purpose of the visit, dates of the visit, funding information, any other pertinent information, such as the provision of office space or library privileges.